ST JOHN OF BASILICA
Sacred space of christians , basilica of St. John was built by Byzantine Emperor great Justinianus and his wife Thedora. It is the biggest structure of its era. It is believed that St. John spent the last years of his life in the region around Ephesus and was buried in a slope of Ayosolug hill. After 3 hundred years of St. John’s death, a small chapel was built over his little grave. The St. John’s basilica turned into a great church over those years in 6th century.
St John or the Apostle John was the writer of the Fourth Gospel and the book of Revelation. He became one of the Christ’s closest disciples and was with him on various significant events such as the Transfiguration and the Crucifixion. The second half of the first century was full of persecution for the early Christians.Apostle James and Stephen were killed in Jerusalem.Paul was sent to Rome and executed. According to tradition John took The Mother Mary and came to Ephesus.He wrote his Gospel in Ephesus and the Revelation in Greece Island, Patmos in 96AD
It hosted so many civilizations throughout those years and it is a museum now. The basilica of St. John is open everyday of the year and it is located in Izmir, Selcuk near Ephesus. It is called “ Pilgrimage church” by local people. Basilica of St. John has 6 huge domes and its structure is ahead of its time. The monumental basilica was in the shape of a cross and was covered with six domes. Its construction, being of stone and brick, is an extremely rare find amongst the architecture of its time. Raised by two steps and covered with marble, the tomb of St John was under the central dome, that was once carried by the four columns at the corners. The columns in the courtyard reveals the monograms of Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora.