THE PAMUKKALE TRAVERTINES
The Pamukkale Travertines, located in Denizli city, is a structure formed by pouring thermal hot water sources coming from the fault lines formed after the geological events there. The Pamukkale travertines, which are formed entirely naturally, contain 17 hot water areas which are the source of healing. Not only in Turkey but also throughout the world, travertines are admired by tourists. In addition, water from travertines has enriched the region in terms of health tourism. This hot water, which is rich in calcium and hydrocarbons, is at 356 degrees and forms a series of chemical changes resulting in carbonate precipitates when in contact with air, creating a white and hard floor.
The source of the hot thermal waters around Pamukkale is the fault lines and geological events in the area. There are water areas with temperatures between 35-100 degrees (Celsius). The source of Pamukkale has been used since ancient times. The thermal water coming from the welds reaches a distance of about 320 meters per travertine. It is poured into the traverten layers and goes forward 240-300 meters.
Calcium carbonate precipitated in the chemical reaction sequence forming the layer-wise appearance here is initially a gel-like structure. This gelatinous structure, which hardens over time, becomes a traverten and attracts many tourists.