The Grand Mosque, one of the most magnificent and imposing mosques of Bursa city, is the “Haghia Sophia of Bursa” as Evliya Çelebi once expressed.
Ali Neccar, the architect of the Grand Mosque, built between 1396 and 1399 when the mosque was lush green in Bursa. According to a rumor; Y?ld?r?m Bayezid, who was the 4th sultan of the Ottoman period, devoted 20 mosques to God to win the Battle of Nigbolu and decided to build a mosque with 20 domes instead of 20 mosques on his son-in-law, Emir Sultan’s idea after his Nigbolu victory. However, a series of unpleasant incidents occurred. The Sultan planned to build the mosque with the spoils of war, but before the was able to make it, he was captured in the 1402 Ankara War. His enemy Timur started to use the mosque as a barn.
Immediately a year later, in 1403, the Mongolian Sheikh Emir Bedrüddin burned the mosque. This was the first fire on the mosque’s history. Afterwards, the Grand Mosque, which burned again in the 1413 siege of Mehmet Bey from the Karamano?lullar? state, continued to get scars . Finally, the son of Y?ld?r?m Bayezid, Mehmet I, resumed his father’s resumption of work, and in 1421 he opened the mosque to service.
In the great earthquake of 1862, which totally destroyed Bursa, 17 of the 20 domes of the Great Mosque were demolished and then repaired. It was damaged in the 1889 fire, but it could reach these days with all its might. A mosque with four doors overlooking all directions in the north, south, east, west, which is a unique with its solid and beautiful craftsmanship.
In the center of the Grand Mosque is a 65 meter square fountain. When the place for the mosque was being expropriated, the place where this fountain is located used to belong to a woman and she did not want to give this place. But that piece of land was forcibly taken from him. Then, it was thought that it would not be proper place for a prayer since it was forcibly taken, so they made a big fountain. This is a story that has been ongoing since for centuries t and its accuracy is uncertain.
The other is; Two people who worked in the construction of the mosque. Karagoz and Hacivat . These two contrasting characters, which have still great places in history, were known for their funny dialogues during construction, but they did not have a pleasant end. They were executed by the order of the sultan as they were considered to slow down the construction process. However, the memoirs have continued to be spread over the years, and today, they are two of the most memorable comedy characters of traditional Turkish puppet shows.